Open-Xchange IMAP: STARTTLS failure

During some experiments with open-sources code, found an issue with STARTTLS on the latest open-xchange appsuite 7.10.1-Rev9

Something like this:

com.openexchange.exception.OXException: LGI-0003 Categories=ERROR Message='Unknown problem: "STARTTLS failure".' exceptionID=-1484511495-7
	at com.openexchange.exception.OXExceptionFactory.create(OXExceptionFactory.java:175)
	at com.openexchange.exception.OXExceptionFactory.create(OXExceptionFactory.java:165)
	at com.openexchange.exception.OXExceptionFactory.create(OXExceptionFactory.java:138)
	at com.openexchange.authentication.LoginExceptionCodes.create(LoginExceptionCodes.java:267)
	at com.openexchange.authentication.imap.impl.IMAPAuthentication.handleLoginInfo(IMAPAuthentication.java:373)
	at com.openexchange.authentication.service.Authentication.login(Authentication.java:111)
	at com.openexchange.authentication.service.Authentication.login(Authentication.java:98)
	at com.openexchange.login.internal.NormalLoginMethod.doAuthentication(NormalLoginMethod.java:83)
	at com.openexchange.login.internal.LoginPerformer.doLogin(LoginPerformer.java:216)
	at com.openexchange.login.internal.LoginPerformer.doLogin(LoginPerformer.java:157)
	at com.openexchange.login.internal.LoginPerformer.doLogin(LoginPerformer.java:145)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.login.Login$1.doLogin(Login.java:109)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.login.AbstractLoginRequestHandler.loginOperation(AbstractLoginRequestHandler.java:226)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.login.AbstractLoginRequestHandler.loginOperation(AbstractLoginRequestHandler.java:184)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.login.Login.doLogin(Login.java:97)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.login.Login.handleRequest(Login.java:90)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.LoginServlet.doJSONAuth(LoginServlet.java:793)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.LoginServlet.doGet(LoginServlet.java:758)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.LoginServlet.doPost(LoginServlet.java:878)
	at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:706)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.AJAXServlet.doService(AJAXServlet.java:566)
	at com.openexchange.ajax.LoginServlet.service(LoginServlet.java:738)
	at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:791)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.FilterChainImpl.doFilter(FilterChainImpl.java:147)
	at com.openexchange.http.grizzly.servletfilter.RequestReportingFilter.doFilter(RequestReportingFilter.java:138)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.FilterChainImpl.doFilter(FilterChainImpl.java:137)
	at com.openexchange.http.grizzly.servletfilter.WrappingFilter.doFilter(WrappingFilter.java:222)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.FilterChainImpl.doFilter(FilterChainImpl.java:137)
	at com.openexchange.http.grizzly.service.http.OSGiAuthFilter.doFilter(OSGiAuthFilter.java:139)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.FilterChainImpl.doFilter(FilterChainImpl.java:137)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.FilterChainImpl.invokeFilterChain(FilterChainImpl.java:106)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.ServletHandler.doServletService(ServletHandler.java:226)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.servlet.ServletHandler.service(ServletHandler.java:178)
	at com.openexchange.http.grizzly.service.http.OSGiMainHandler.service(OSGiMainHandler.java:301)
	at org.glassfish.grizzly.http.server.HttpHandler$1.run(HttpHandler.java:224)
	at com.openexchange.threadpool.internal.CustomThreadPoolExecutor$MDCProvidingRunnable.run(CustomThreadPoolExecutor.java:2575)
	at com.openexchange.threadpool.internal.CustomThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(CustomThreadPoolExecutor.java:841)
	at com.openexchange.threadpool.internal.CustomThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(CustomThreadPoolExecutor.java:868)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:748)
Caused by: javax.mail.MessagingException: STARTTLS failure
	at com.sun.mail.imap.IMAPStore.protocolConnect(IMAPStore.java:954)
	at javax.mail.Service.connect(Service.java:369)
	at com.openexchange.authentication.imap.impl.IMAPAuthentication.handleLoginInfo(IMAPAuthentication.java:357)
	... 34 common frames omitted

Looks like empty vars for SSL protocol and SSL ciphersuites are not working properly, if specify them everything works just fine.

# File /opt/open-xchange/etc/imap.properties

# Specifies the SSL protocols that will be enabled for SSL connections. The property value is a whitespace separated list of tokens.
# Default is empty
com.openexchange.imap.ssl.protocols=TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2

# Specifies the SSL cipher suites that will be enabled for SSL connections. The property value is a whitespace separated list of tokens.
#
# Check "http://<ox-grizzly-hostname>:<ox-grizzly-port>/stats/diagnostic?param=ciphersuites" to check available cipher suites.
#
# Default value is empty (fall-back to current JVM's default SSL cipher suite)
com.openexchange.imap.ssl.ciphersuites=SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384 TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256 TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256

Hope that helps, thanks!

Paperkey: How to backup your GnuPG keys on paper

To create a backup of your GPG Key, you may use one of the following commands

img-alternative-text

paperkey --secret-key my-secret-key.gpg --output to-be-printed.txt

Or using this if you have exported (not armored) GPG Key in file:

paperkey --secret-key my-secret-key.gpg --output to-be-printed.txt

To restore it you will need a paperkey data in file and you public key. The following command will take public key from public-key.gpg file and paperkey data from secret-paperkey.gpg file and will import it to ~/.gnupg.

$ paperkey --pubring public-key.gpg --secrets secret-paperkey.gpg | gpg --import

If you have armored gpg public key, you will need to dearmor it first by doing this:

$ gpg --dearmor public-key.gpg

To install it on your mac, you may use brew:

$ brew install paperkey

Paperkey by David Shaw

Thanks!

 

GPG

Using YubiKey with GPG

Using Yubikey with GPG encryption

Let me try to show my experience in using Yubikey as a Smartcard for storing signing and GPG encryption keys. There are a lot of information in the internet about that, but that my first try in configuring yubikey for such purposes.

Firstly we need to install necessary packages on our mac by doing the following command, I’m using brew:

$ brew install gnupg yubikey-personalization

This will allow us to program our Yubikey.

The next step is we need to create a new keys for further usage.

Generate a key

Let’s do a temporary directory:

export GNUPGHOME=$(mktemp -d)

And create a GPG configuration:

$ cat << EOF > $GNUPGHOME/gpg.conf
use-agent
personal-cipher-preferences AES256 AES192 AES CAST5
personal-digest-preferences SHA512 SHA384 SHA256 SHA224
default-preference-list SHA512 SHA384 SHA256 SHA224 AES256 AES192 AES CAST5 ZLIB BZIP2 ZIP Uncompressed
cert-digest-algo SHA512
s2k-digest-algo SHA512
s2k-cipher-algo AES256
charset utf-8
fixed-list-mode
no-comments
no-emit-version
keyid-format 0xlong
list-options show-uid-validity
verify-options show-uid-validity
with-fingerprint
EOF

Generate a master key

During creation a new master key, we will need to choose RSA (sign only) key and I would go with 4096 bits. And you’ll be asked to enter a passphrase, try to enter something unique and strong 🙂

VKAFEDZH-M-2R3C:~ val$ gpg --full-generate-key
gpg (GnuPG) 2.2.4; Copyright (C) 2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

gpg: keybox '/var/folders/yy/bp5hkvxs1px1_f1q_10kzgk40000gn/T/tmp.SRHTb4gb/pubring.kbx' created
Please select what kind of key you want:
   (1) RSA and RSA (default)
   (2) DSA and Elgamal
   (3) DSA (sign only)
   (4) RSA (sign only)
Your selection? 4
RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long.
What keysize do you want? (2048) 4096
Requested keysize is 4096 bits
Please specify how long the key should be valid.
         0 = key does not expire
      <n>  = key expires in n days
      <n>w = key expires in n weeks
      <n>m = key expires in n months
      <n>y = key expires in n years
Key is valid for? (0) 0
Key does not expire at all
Is this correct? (y/N) y

GnuPG needs to construct a user ID to identify your key.

Real name: Valerii
Email address: vkafed@gmail.com
Comment:
You selected this USER-ID:
    "Valerii <vkafed@gmail.com>"

Change (N)ame, (C)omment, (E)mail or (O)kay/(Q)uit? o
We need to generate a lot of random bytes. It is a good idea to perform
some other action (type on the keyboard, move the mouse, utilize the
disks) during the prime generation; this gives the random number
generator a better chance to gain enough entropy.
public and secret key created and signed.

Note that this key cannot be used for encryption.  You may want to use
the command "--edit-key" to generate a subkey for this purpose.
pub   rsa4096/0xA2B71234247579BE 2018-01-28 [SC]
      Key fingerprint = 1A28 A73B A841 4311 FA0A BA28 A4A7 1383 1171 7A99
uid                              Valerii <vkafed@gmail.com>

Export a new key

export KEYID=0xA2B71234247579BE

Create subkeys

VKAFEDZH-M-2R3C:~ val$ gpg --expert --edit-key $KEYID
gpg (GnuPG) 2.2.4; Copyright (C) 2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Secret key is available.

gpg: checking the trustdb
gpg: marginals needed: 3  completes needed: 1  trust model: pgp
gpg: depth: 0  valid:   1  signed:   0  trust: 0-, 0q, 0n, 0m, 0f, 1u
sec  rsa4096/0xA2B71234247579BE
     created: 2018-01-28  expires: never       usage: SC
     trust: ultimate      validity: ultimate
[ultimate] (1). Valerii <vkafed@gmail.com>

During a creating a new subkeys enter the passphrase you entered during making a master key. In the following example I selected to generate a key with expiration in 1 year.

gpg> addkey
Please select what kind of key you want:
   (3) DSA (sign only)
   (4) RSA (sign only)
   (5) Elgamal (encrypt only)
   (6) RSA (encrypt only)
   (7) DSA (set your own capabilities)
   (8) RSA (set your own capabilities)
  (10) ECC (sign only)
  (11) ECC (set your own capabilities)
  (12) ECC (encrypt only)
  (13) Existing key
Your selection? 4
RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long.
What keysize do you want? (2048) 4096
Requested keysize is 4096 bits
Please specify how long the key should be valid.
         0 = key does not expire
      <n>  = key expires in n days
      <n>w = key expires in n weeks
      <n>m = key expires in n months
      <n>y = key expires in n years
Key is valid for? (0) 1y
Key expires at Mon Jan 28 14:13:38 2019 EST
Is this correct? (y/N) y
Really create? (y/N) y
We need to generate a lot of random bytes. It is a good idea to perform
some other action (type on the keyboard, move the mouse, utilize the
disks) during the prime generation; this gives the random number
generator a better chance to gain enough entropy.

sec  rsa4096/0xA1289348BA3879AE
     created: 2018-01-28  expires: never       usage: SC
     trust: ultimate      validity: ultimate
ssb  rsa4096/0xA1CDBEFBA21203A4
     created: 2018-01-28  expires: 2019-01-28  usage: S
[ultimate] (1). Valerii <vkafed@gmail.com>

Next, let’s create n encryption key by selecting RSA (encrypt only) – number 6

gpg> addkey
Please select what kind of key you want:
   (3) DSA (sign only)
   (4) RSA (sign only)
   (5) Elgamal (encrypt only)
   (6) RSA (encrypt only)
   (7) DSA (set your own capabilities)
   (8) RSA (set your own capabilities)
  (10) ECC (sign only)
  (11) ECC (set your own capabilities)
  (12) ECC (encrypt only)
  (13) Existing key
Your selection? 6
RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long.
What keysize do you want? (2048) 4096
Requested keysize is 4096 bits
Please specify how long the key should be valid.
         0 = key does not expire
      <n>  = key expires in n days
      <n>w = key expires in n weeks
      <n>m = key expires in n months
      <n>y = key expires in n years
Key is valid for? (0) 1y
Key expires at Mon Jan 28 14:16:29 2019 EST
Is this correct? (y/N) y
Really create? (y/N) y
We need to generate a lot of random bytes. It is a good idea to perform
some other action (type on the keyboard, move the mouse, utilize the
disks) during the prime generation; this gives the random number
generator a better chance to gain enough entropy.

sec  rsa4096/0xA1289348BA3879AE
     created: 2018-01-28  expires: never       usage: SC
     trust: ultimate      validity: ultimate
ssb  rsa4096/0xA1CDBEFBA21203A4
     created: 2018-01-28  expires: 2019-01-28  usage: S
ssb  rsa4096/0x181FFBA2120AA342
     created: 2018-01-28  expires: 2019-01-28  usage: E
[ultimate] (1). Valerii <vkafed@gmail.com>

I selected to create 4096 bit RSA encrypt only key which is going to be valid for 365 days only.

And let’s create an authentification key now.

read more…

Continue reading “Using YubiKey with GPG”

Icinga2 Director: How to import a server IP from local file

Hey all,

#shortstory

Today I had a pretty interesting task with Icinga2 and Director. The issue was with accessibility to DNS server which was installed in AWS without any public access, so basically it was used only for internal requests. To make story short, the task was to get IP address from local file, hostname from SQL database and assign it to each other.

Here is the changes that I made for ‘PropertyModifierGetHostByName.php’ file.

<?php

// - /usr/share/icingaweb2/modules/director/library/Director/PropertyModifier/PropertyModifierGetHostByName.php
namespace Icinga\Module\Director\PropertyModifier;

use Icinga\Exception\InvalidPropertyException;
use Icinga\Module\Director\Hook\PropertyModifierHook;
use Icinga\Module\Director\Web\Form\QuickForm;

class PropertyModifierGetHostByName extends PropertyModifierHook
{
    public static function addSettingsFormFields(QuickForm $form)
    {
        $form->addElement('select', 'on_failure', array(
            'label'        => 'On failure',
            'description'  => $form->translate('What should we do if the host (DNS) lookup fails?'),
            'multiOptions' => $form->optionalEnum(array(
                'null' => $form->translate('Set no value (null)'),
                'keep' => $form->translate('Keep the property (hostname) as is'),
                'fail' => $form->translate('Let the whole import run fail'),
            )),
            'required'    => true,
        ));
    }

    public function getName()
    {
        return 'Get host by name (DNS lookup)';
    }

    public function transform($value)
    {
        //$host = gethostbyname($value);
        $lines_array = file("/usr/share/icingaweb2/dns.txt"); //comma-separated txt file
        
        foreach($lines_array as $line) {
            if(strpos($line, $value) !== false) {
            list(, $new_str) = explode(",", $line);
            $host = trim($new_str); }
        }

        if (strlen(@inet_pton($host)) !== 4) {
            switch ($this->getSetting('on_failure')) {
                case 'null':
                    return null;
                case 'keep':
                    return $value;
                case 'fail':
                default:
                    throw new InvalidPropertyException(
                        'Host lookup failed for "%s"',
                        $value
                    );
            }
        }

        return $host;
    }
}

The file dns.txt contains IP and domain names, which are comma-separated. You may change the location of the file, use many of them, or even use key-value database for such queries, it’s pretty easy.

So, basically it search for IP address in dns.txt file for provided hostname in Import function. It will return null or fail (based on your settings), if returned IP is not IPv4.

Extra module will be created and pushed to the github on next Monday.

Happy monitoring!